Vitamins and dietary supplements for a cat: what and when to give?
In the natural environment, cats themselves know what they need for health, but sometimes pets need to be maintained with vitamins. We will figure out what and when to give the cat.
What are dietary supplements and vitamins for cats
Vitamins are irreplaceable organic substances that enter the body in extremely small doses. As a rule, vitamins come from food and are not synthesized by the body.
Vitamins are water-soluble (B, C, P) and fat-soluble (A, D, E, K).
Vitamins are essential for the body to function smoothly.
Supplements are biologically active additives. They are not essential components of the diet. If nutrition is balanced, they are not needed at all - everything you need comes from food.
Does a cat need dietary supplements or vitamins
Contact your veterinarian to find out if you need to offer vitamins or dietary supplements to your cat. He will select the drugs and advise how they are best used.
There are general strengthening drugs (used seasonally, for example, in the spring, or during the period of active growth), as well as directional drugs (improve the condition of the coat, skin, musculoskeletal system, etc.)
The need for vitamins or dietary supplements also depends on the age of the cat.
Hypovitaminosis and hypervitaminosis in cats
In the complete absence of vitamins (vitamin deficiency), severe disorders can develop in the cat's body, but this is almost never found in the modern world.More often there is a lack of vitamins - hypovitaminosis.
Hypovitaminosis is of 2 types:
Primary (exogenous, alimentary) is associated with a lack of vitamins with food.
Secondary (endogenous) is associated with a change in the absorption of vitamins by the body. The reasons may be a violation of the absorption process of vitamins (diseases of the gastrointestinal tract), an increased need for certain vitamins (for example, as a result of lowering or increasing air temperature), physiological disorders (oxygen starvation, neuropsychic or physical stress), pregnancy and etc. There is a vitamin-resistant state caused by genetic defects of proteins involved in the transport of vitamins and their transformation into active substances.
With a lack of vitamins, proper metabolism is impossible, the risk of infectious diseases increases.
Hypervitaminosis also happens - a metabolic disorder caused by an excess of certain vitamins. This mainly concerns fat-soluble vitamins, which tend to accumulate in the liver. For example, if you overdo it with complexes containing vitamins A and D.
Fortifying preparations for cats
They are prescribed either during the period of seasonal hypovitaminosis (autumn and spring), or during periods of active growth of the kitten, as well as pregnant cats and elderly pets. They are also prescribed for unbalanced or malnutrition.
The composition of fortifying preparations for cats includes all the necessary vitamins and minerals. They are similar in composition.
Directed preparations for cats
These drugs are designed to “fix” a cat’s weaknesses. They affect the state of individual organs and systems: skin, coat, musculoskeletal system, etc. Available in powders, solutions and tablets. Depending on the purpose, they have a different composition of amino acids, trace elements, minerals and vitamins.
For example, drugs that affect the coat and skin are characterized by a high content of fatty acids, a full range of amino acids important for the skin and coat, and an expanded spectrum of trace elements and vitamins.