Keeshond FCI Standard and Description
In the photo: Keeshond
Keeshond FCI Standard No. 97 03/05/1998
German Spitz are the descendants of the prehistoric peat dog (torfhund, or canis familiaris palustris, described by Rütimeyer from Switzerland), and later - the lake (pfahlbau, or canis familiaris inostranzcwi, described from Neolithic excavations on Ladoga), they are considered the oldest breed dogs in Central Europe. Numerous other breeds are derived from them. In other countries, the Wolf Spitz is known as keeshond, and the Toy Spitz is known as pomeranian or Pomeranian.
The appearance of Spitz captivates with the beauty of its coat - fluffy, with copious undercoat. Particularly impressive is the thick, mane-like collar around the neck and the densely pubescent tail, impudently thrown over the back. A fox head, eyes with an attentive expression and small, sharp, close-set ears give the Spitz a peculiar lively appearance.
The ratio of the height of the dog at the withers and the length of the body is 1: 1.
German Spitz is extremely alert and loyal to the owner of the dog. The behavior is very lively. Vigilance compensates for the weak hunting instinct and makes it an ideal watchman for home and farm. The German Spitz is not aggressive, but not timid either. It is distinguished by its ability to withstand adverse weather conditions, excellent health and longevity.
The head is of medium size, when viewed from above - wedge-shaped, the widest in the occipital part, it tapers evenly to the tip of the nose.
Moderately pronounced, unsharp.
Rounded, small and pure black, with brown Spitz - dark brown.
Not too long, harmonious with respect to the cranial part (for Keskhond wolf-spitz, large and medium Spitz, the ratio of muzzle and cranial part length is approximately 2: 3 for miniature spitz and toy-spitz - approximately 2: 4).
Without signs of dampness, fit snugly to the jaws, do not form any bends and folds in the corners of the mouth. Pigmentation is brown in Spitzs of brown color and black in Spitzes of other colors.
Bite / teeth
The jaws are developed, the dental formula is full - 42 teeth, scissor bite, that is, the front surfaces of the incisors of the lower jaw are firmly adjacent to the posterior surface of the incisors of the upper jaw, the teeth are arranged vertically in the jaws. A tick-shaped bite is acceptable in all varieties of Spitz.
Cheeks softly rounded, Cheekbones not protruding.
Medium in size, almond-shaped, slightly obliquely set, dark. The eyelids are dark brown for brown Spitz and black for Spitz other color options.
Small, erect, triangular and spiky, stiff at the tips, set high and relatively close to each other.
Of medium length, strong, without suspension, the crest of the neck is slightly curved. A thick and rich hairline forms a lush collar around the neck.
The neck goes smoothly into the withers and short straight back. The magnificent tail is bent by a ring over the back and partially covers it.
Withers / back
A weakly expressed withers passes into a short, straight, strong back.
Short, wide and strong.
Wide and short, not beveled.
The chest is deep, the ribs are convex, the chest is well developed.
The chest extends as far back as possible. The stomach is slightly tightened.
High set, medium length. Right from the root, the tail is lifted up and twisted in a ring above the back. He is pressed tightly against his back and is very richly covered with wool. A double ring at the end of the tail is allowed.
General impression: straight, set quite wide.
The shoulder blade is long, oblique.The humerus is approximately the same length as the scapula, and is located at an angle of 90 ° to the scapula. The shoulder blades are well muscled, dense.
The elbow joint is strong, snug against the chest, not turned outward and not turned inward.
Regarding the case, it has an average length, sturdy and straight. On the back of the tow,
Strong, medium length, tilted at an angle of 20 °.
Small, rounded, with tightly clenched fingers, arched, the so-called "cat".
The claws are black in tipped colors, dark brown in brown dogs.
General impression: very muscular, with plentiful decorating hair to the hocks. The hind limbs are straight and parallel to each other.
Thigh / drumstick
Hip and tibia of approximately equal length.
Knee / Hock
The knee joint is strong, the knee angle is moderately pronounced. Knees do not twist when moving.
Medium length, very strong, sheer set.
Small, with tightly clenched and arched fingers, the so-called "cat". The pads are thick. The color of the claws and pads is as dark as possible.
Straight, free, plastic, with a good push of the hind limbs.
Tightly stretched, does not form folds.
The German Spitz has a double coat: long, straight, non-adherent integumentary hair and a short, thick, cotton-like undercoat. Head, ears, front side of fore and hind limbs are covered with short, thick, velvety hair. The body has a long, rich coat. He is not wavy, not curled, not stringy and without parting on his back. On a neck and shoulders a magnificent "mane". On the back of the front valuables there are thick towels, on the hind legs from the croup to the hock joints - “pants”. The tail is lush.
Keeshond Wolf Spitz: zonal gray.
Large Spitz: black, brown, white.
Middle Spitz: black, brown, white, orange, zonal gray, other colors.
Miniature Spitz: black, brown, white, orange, zonal gray, other colors.
Toy Spitz / Orange: black, brown, white, orange, zonal gray, other colors.
Black Spitz: the undercoat and skin should be black, the top coat is shiny, black, without white marks or marks of a different color.
Brown Spitz: The color should be uniform dark brown.
White Spitz: the color should be pure white, without any yellowness, the latter often accompanies this color, especially on the ears.
Orange Spitz: should be evenly colored in medium colors.
Zonar gray Spitz (Wolf Spitz Keeshond): color of integumentary hair silver gray, with black tailbones. Distinctive features of this color are: dark muzzle and ears, well-defined “glasses” around the eyes, a clearly visible marshy scooping line running obliquely from the outer corner of the eyes to the corner of the ear, and dark, expressive short eyebrows. Lighter: a “collar” and a ring around the shoulders (a strip of lighter hair extending from the withers down), as well as the forelimbs below the elbow and the hind legs below the knee - without any black marking, except for small strokes on the fingers. Tail tail black. The underside of the tail and the “pants” are a light silver gray color.
Spitz of other colors: the term "other colors" includes all colors of the type: cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan and partikolor (spotted), in the latter white should be the main color. Black, brown, gray or orange spots should be located mainly on the body.
Keeshond Wolf Spitz: 49 cm. Tolerance ± 6 cm. Large Spitz: 46 cm. Tolerance ± 4 cm. Average Spitz: 34 cm. Miniature Spitz: 26 cm. Tolerance ± 3 cm. Toy Spitz / Orange: 20 cm. Tolerance ± 2 cm. Dogs whose height at the withers is lower than 18 cm are undesirable.
Each variety of German Spitz must have a weight corresponding to growth.
Each minor deviation from the standard is considered a disadvantage and is evaluated in strict accordance with the degree of its manifestation and materiality.
Deviations in the type of constitution.
Flat head, apple shaped head.
Large, round, convex, bright eyes.
"Meat" color nose, eyelids, lips.
The incomplete-tooth in Keeshond wolf-spitz, large and medium spitz.
The absence of characteristic marks on the face in zoning-gray color.
Failure of fontanel. Snack or overshot mouth. Ectropion or Entropion. Semi-permanent ears. White marks in all colors except spotted.
It should be noted that this standard, with the exception of the items “Color”, “Growth” and “Weight”, is a single description for all varieties of German Spitz from orange to Keeshond Wolf Spitz. FCI does not consider the Pomeranian Spitz and Keeshond independent breeds and classifies them as German Spitz, unlike the United States and Great Britain, where they have their own standards and are considered separate breeds.