What are the colic conditions in horses? Classification of diseases WikiPet.ru
There are several classifications of diseases associated with symptoms. colic in horses.
According to one of them, colic is:
- Gastric (acute or chronic expansion and obstruction of the stomach).
- Peritonitis without symptoms (flatulence, karate spasm, cross-section, chymotases, enterolitis, i.e. blockage with calculi, stones and worms)
- Flowing with symptoms of peritonitis (intussusception, tangling, pinching, inversion, nodulation, external and internal hernias, thromboembolic colic).
This is the simplest classification.
According to the second classification, colic is divided into:
- Symptomatic These colic is also called secondary. They are observed with invasive, infectious, surgical and several other diseases.
- False. They accompany diseases of the internal organs: the bladder, kidneys, liver, respiratory system and others.
- The true ones. Associated with gastrointestinal diseases.
- Colic with accelerated passage of feed masses through the intestines (catarrh-inflammatory, associated with gastroenterocolitis).
- Colic with a slow passage of feed masses along the gastrointestinal tract (dynamic obstruction, hemostatic obstruction or mechanical obstruction).
Dynamic obstruction may be:
- Spastic: flatulence (expansion) of the stomach, flatulence of the intestines (windy colic) and enteralgia.
- Paralytic (associated with atony or hypotension of the stomach, the result of which is stagnation of the contents in the intestine): obstruction of the stomach (stagnation of the contents), obstruction of the intestines, clogging of the intestines and stomach with sand (sand colic), peritonitis.
Mechanical obstruction is the internal blockage of the intestines or their displacement, twisting and pinching.
The cause of homeostatic obstruction is most often a helminthic invasion.
However, keep in mind that any classification is only an artificial scheme, but in reality there are combinations and transitions of different forms of colic.
Pain with colic can also be different:
- Spastic - the result of a spasm of smooth muscles of the stomach and intestines, they are characterized by periodicity.
- Distensional - the result of distention of the intestines and stomach with gases. They are distinguished by localization in a certain area and the absence of periodicity.
- Mesenteric - compression, tension and displacement of the mesentery. These pains are constant, combined with distention and spastic.
- Periotneal - the result of diffuse peritonitis. They are constant, often reminiscent of contractions. The horse can hunch its back and put its legs under the stomach, does not want to move and groans. If the pain intensifies, the animal digs the ground, looks at the stomach, raises its hind leg, strives to lie down, but does not. The abdomen is tightened, and if you try to feel it, the pain intensifies.