German Drathaar breed history and origin
German Drathaar breed history originates in the Middle Ages.
In the photo: Drathaar in the rack
Modern drathaars are considered to be descendants of the old German gundog, as well as other hunting dogs that lived in Switzerland, France and Germany.
In the 16th century in Europe there were many busty "bird" dogs. Busty - means having a beard and mustache. The dominant gene is responsible for this quality. These dogs hunted birds and guarded homes. Their appearance was very different from the appearance of those drathaars that we know. They had a pointed muzzle, uniform semi-long hair with creases and a lightweight skeleton.
In Germany, these dogs were called barbets, in France - griffons. But in both countries it was noted that the exterior of the dogs is unstable, and the hunting qualities are so-so. Therefore, these dogs were not recognized as a separate breed and did not take them seriously.
Such neglect persisted until the 19th century, however, some of the representatives of barbets and griffins nevertheless crossed with setters. But basically, barbets became companion dogs - they guarded property and occasionally “indulged” in hunting.
The end of the 19th century was marked by the appearance of the first successful hunting hybrids resembling drathaars in Germany. These dogs possessed excellent hunting qualities and at the same time remained universal. Based on the results of field trials, serious breeding work began.The goal was to create an energetic, hardy, versatile working dog.
In 1902, dogs were deliberately selected for breeding, in 1904 an association of drathaar lovers appeared, and in 1924 they adopted the first standard. The breed was called "German Drathaar." Dogs attracted the attention of dog handlers of Europe and began to develop new territories.
The outbreak of World War II put an end to tribal work. Drathaars could not be used at the front, and they lost their usefulness.
After the war, breeders from Germany, France, Belgium and Austria came together to revive the breed. In Germany, kurtzhaars were rushed to the drathaars. This work was carried out until 1965. Then the standard was adjusted, and crossbreeding with other breeds was banned.
At modern exhibitions, not only the external data of the drathaars are evaluated, but also the working qualities. The dog should easily track the game, make sure stance and bring prey.
Drathaar is used in hunting both birds and large animals. Stiff dense coat and thick undercoat allow him to work successfully in different climatic conditions.