Pekingese: breed history and origin
Pekingese breed history still hiding under a veil of secrecy. The date of origin of the breed cannot be determined even approximately. Therefore, the origin of the Pekingese was overgrown with legends and myths.
One of the legends of the history of the Pekingese breed says that the prince fell in love with a simple girl. But her beauty also captivated the evil wizard. When the beauty rejected the claims of the sorcerer, he turned her into a lotus flower, and the prince into a squirrel. However, their love did not disappear. The squirrel anxiously looked after a flower. Seeing this, the Buddha took pity and blessed the lovers.
The fruit of love was the Pekingese, whose fluffy tail resembles a squirrel, and the character and physique resemble the tenderness and fragility of a lotus.
Ancient sources contain many references to the breed. Perhaps they have a common origin with Tibetan spaniels. Squat long-haired creatures from the 5th millennium BC are known.
In the 17th century the emperor of China "appointed" the Pekingese as a sacred symbol of the country. Each dog in the palace had its own lacquered table and was accompanied everywhere by the owners. Even, alas, into the afterlife.
Commoners under pain of death were forbidden to keep them. However, Buddhist monks often violated this order and secretly brought representatives of the breed to the monasteries.
The Pekingese were three sizes. The largest were called “lion dogs,” the medium were called “sun dogs,” and the smallest were called “mittens.”
A strict ban on the export of Pekingese from China explains the fact that they came to Europe rather soon.But in the second half of the 19th century. China was occupied by Great Britain, France and the USA (suppression of the Taiping uprising). The British found funny little dogs in the Summer Imperial Palace and could not help but take them with them. Luti, the smallest of the dogs, came to London in a cap of General Dunn and was presented to Queen Victoria.
These Pekingese and laid the foundation for European breed breeding. And England is rightly considered their second homeland - it was from there that the dogs began a triumphal march around the world. Even the Pekingese, whom you can now meet in China, have European roots.
In the photo: Pekingese, as they were in the past. Photo: google.by
The Pekingese was first introduced to the English public in 1873. In 1894, dogs were shown at an exhibition in Chester. In 1896, the breed was recognized as independent, and in 1898 they created the first standard, which was edited from time to time.
In the 20s - 30s of the 20th century. The breed was divided into two types: southern and northern. Northerners were heavier and larger, southerners were more compact.
And in the 80s of the last century, when in China they allowed dogs, the breed began to return to their historical homeland.